The Blessing of Marriage I
Juno, or to spell it the Latin way, Iuno, is the Roman Great Goddess, the Queen of the Gods, Sky-Goddess, Protectress of Women, Mother of Mars, Wife of Jupiter, She of the many epithets and a very long history of worship in Rome. She was one of the Capitoline Triad, with Jupiter and Minerva, Who were considered the three main Deities of Rome. She is an especial Protectress of women in marriage and childbirth, and many of Her epithets relate to that aspect, but She could also have a more civic or martial character as Protectress of the Roman people.
Juno Regina, or Juno the Queen, is Juno in Her aspect of Queen of the Gods and Queen of Heaven. As Queen, She holds the scepter and wields the thunderbolt. She was the patroness of the State of Roman. In that aspect, she was portrayed as wearing the goat-skin cloak of Roman soldiers and worshiped as both a battle goddess and a goddess of reason, who would guide the Romans both to wartime and civil victory.
As each man was believed to have a protective guardian spirit called a genius, so each woman had one called a juno. These guardian spirits (in the plural, junones) may have originally been the ghosts of the ancestors who were believed to watch over and protect their descendents. They were usually represented as snakes (probably relating to the chthonic or underworld aspect of the Dead), and were given offerings on the individual's birthday at the household altar. Later patriarchal vocabularies dropped the word juno, but retained genius, thus depriving women of their souls - which may be why the church councils of the early Middle Ages sometimes maintained that women are soulless.
As Juno Moneta, She is the Goddess of Good Counsel, whose name means "Advisor" or "Warner", said to give good advice to the people in general and those about to be married in particular. She had a large and famous temple on the Arx, a height on the Capitoline Hill in Rome, which was a site that had been sacred to Her from early times. Her epithet Moneta has been given various explanations, and it seems even the ancients weren't entirely sure where it came from. "Moneta" is usually assumed to derive from the Latin word for "warn", monere.