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August 10, 2014

How Sex Changed the World - Sex for Sale HD

July 4, 2014

Hero of the Revolution

Happy Fourth of July, I think to celebrate the today with the hero who make it happen: George Washington.
A cautious and prudent Virginia aristocrat, Washington was nevertheless among the first Virginians to protest British colonial policy. He publicly emphasized his opposition by accepting appointment as a delegate to the Continental Congress during 1774–1775. On 15 June 1775 he was chosen by that body as commander in chief of the Continental army.
The saga of Washington's Revolutionary War exploits has been recounted many times and need not be repeated here. Among the highlights of his extraordinary military career were the successful siege of Boston in 1775–1776; the crossing of the Delaware on Christmas night 1776 and defeat of the redcoats at Trenton; the depressing defeats in the autumn of 1777 at Brandywine and Germantown, Pennsylvania; the bitterly cold winter that the dispirited Continental army endured at Valley Forge in 1777–1778; the skillfully commanded victory at Monmouth, New Jersey, in June 1778; and the famous Yorktown campaign in 1781, which brought the war to an end. By this time, Washington was the foremost hero of the Revolution, virtually canonized by his countrymen and widely respected abroad.
After eight and a half years as commander in chief of the revolutionary army, Washington resigned his commission and resumed his former life as a planter at Mount Vernon. He was enormously satisfied to be relieved of the heavy duties of official life and happy to be once again a private citizen. But the feebleness of government under the Articles of Confederation and the vital of strengthening the Union quickly convinced him that his dream of serene retirement at Mount Vernon was likely to be shattered. It soon was. Convinced that "we are fast verging to anarchy and confusion," Washington accepted his selection as a delegate to the Constitutional Convention, which assembled in Philadelphia in May 1787, and was chosen its president. Once the new Constitution was written and ratified, there was, as has been said, no doubt as to the identity of the new nation's first president.
Washington's journey to the new capital in April 1789 was physically arduous, but it was a triumphal procession then unparalleled in the country's history. At major coach stops along his route, he was hailed in a manner befitting a Roman Emperor or a European King—bells were rung, guns fired, countless congratulatory speeches made, odes recited, and parades and public banquets held. As he sailed across New York Bay on the last leg of his journey, he was accompanied by a sloop crowded with choristers who sang odes—one of them set to the tune of "God Save the King"—in his honor. When he reached the Battery, the cheers of a dense crowd and the peals of church bells competed with the thunder of thirteen-gun salutes from ship and shore batteries.
Such adulation suggests a major difficulty in objectively assessing the accomplishments and shortcomings of the first president. Since his retirement in 1783 as commander in chief of the Continental army, he had been hailed as "Father of His Country," heralded as an American Atlas or Fabius, and honored as the Cincinnatus of his nation's successful revolution. The most famous American of his day, at home and internationally, he was already a legendary figure and, as such, virtually immune from the critical or partisan barbs and shafts hurled at many of his presidential successors. He is still remembered primarily as the hero of the Revolution, the military leader most responsible for establishing on the field of battle a new and ultimately powerful nation. Even now, as for almost two centuries, his presidential stewardship is considered a addition to his renowned generalship.

July 2, 2014

War of Spartacus

This is the real story of the Roman slave Spartacus, a biography of his life and history. There is little documented about Spartacus prior to his fame in leading a small band of gladiators and enlisting slaves to rebel against the authority of Rome. Known information has been put together to form a Timeline of Spartacus the leader of the slave uprising against the Roman Republic known as the Third Servile War and is also referred to as The War of Spartacus.
Background History to Spartacus - The Servile Wars (Slave Uprisings)
Here is a little history of the slave uprising. During 135 BC and 104 BC the First and Second Servile Wars, or slave uprisings, erupted in Sicily. These wars started with small bands of rebels but were joined by tens of thousands of slave followers wishing to escape the oppressive life of a Roman slave. Much of the Roman economy was based on the slave trade. It is estimated that the number of slaves in Roman Italy, at its peak, was about one and a half million which was about 25% of the total population. However the First and Second Servile Wars did not particularly concern those living in Rome. Sicily was quite a distance away - too far to worry the Romans. Third Servile War (War of Spartacus) was different. This slave uprising threatened the very heart of Rome. In the period that Spartacus lived it is estimated that about 1 million people lived in the city of Rome and that of these about 400,000 were slaves - it is therefore no wonder that the name of Spartacus struck terror into the hearts of Romans!
The real Spartacus was a freeborn provincial from Thrace, who may have served as an auxiliary in the Roman army in Macedonia. He deserted the army, was outlawed, captured, sold into slavery, and trained at the gladiatorial school of Batiatus in Capua. New Gladiators were formed into troupes called 'Familia gladiatorium' which were under the overall control of a manager (lanista) who recruited, arranged for training and made the decisions of where and when the gladiators fought. The gladiator schools also served as barracks, or in some cases prisons, for gladiators between their fights. There was one of these gladiator schools at Capua, which was owned by Batiatus.  The name of his troupe of gladiators was named after their owner e.g. Famalia Batiatus.
The regime at the training school was extremely strict and Spartacus together with 70 - 80 other gladiators rebelled and fought their way out of the school. They took knives from the kitchen and killed the guards. The band of gladiators, led by Spartacus and Crixus, succeeded in obtaining proper arms and weapons, and took refuge in the crater of Vesuvius, at that time an extinct volcano (73BC).
Spartacus and the band of gladiators were soon joined by large numbers of slaves. Spartacus was soon at the head of a formidable army. The desolation of the Social and Civil Wars had depopulated Italy, while the service of slave labor furnished Spartacus with an endless supply of soldiers. The runaway slaves included old people, women and children who camped with the gladiators in the crater of Mount Vesuvius. The small group of gladiators plunders and pillage around the area and are quickly joined by large numbers of runaway slaves. This triggers the Third Servile War.
The praetor Claudius Glaber, with 3,000 raw recruits for soldiers, was the first army to be sent by the Senate from Rome to quell the slave revolt. The over confident Glaber and his troops are defeated by the slave army at Mount Vesuvius. They thought they had trapped the rebels on Vesuvius. Glaber did not fortify his camp properly and his troops were taken by surprise when the gladiator army attacked. Spartacus led his men down the other side of the mountain using vines, fell on the rear of the soldiers, and routed them. The Roman troops suffered a humiliating defeat.
Spartacus subsequently defeated two forces of legionary cohorts; he wanted to lead his men across the Alps to escape from Italy, but the Gauls and Germans, led by Crixus, wanted to stay and plunder. They separated from Spartacus, who passed the winter near Thurii in southern Italy.
Spartacus had raised about 70,000 slaves, mostly from rural areas. The Senate, alarmed, finally sent the two consuls Publicola and Clodianus, each with two legions, against the rebels. The Gauls and Germans, separated from Spartacus, were defeated by Publicola, and Crixus was killed. Spartacus defeated Lentulus, and then Publicola; to avenge Crixus, Spartacus had 300 prisoners from these battles fight in pairs to the death.
At Picenum in central Italy Spartacus defeated the consular armies, then pushed north and defeated the proconsul of Cisalpine Gaul at Mutina. The Alps were now open to the rebels, but again the Gauls and Germans refused to go, so Spartacus returned to southern Italy, perhaps intending to ship to Sicily.
In the autumn, when the revolt was at its height and Spartacus had about 120,000 followers, the Senate voted to pass over the consuls and grant imperium to Crassus, who had been a praetor in 73 B.C. but currently held no office. Crassus was the wealthiest man in Rome, a noble from an old plebeian family; since he had received very little support from the conservative nobles who dominated the Senate, he had allied himself with the faction of the populares.
Crassus was given six new legions plus the four consular legions. When one of Crassus' legates attacked Spartacus with two legions, against orders, Spartacus roundly defeated them. Crassus decimated the most cowardly cohort, and then used his combined forces to defeat Spartacus, who retreated to Rhegium, in the toe of Italy. Spartacus tried to cross the straits into Sicily, but the Cilician pirates betrayed him.
After a long period of pursuit and a few engagements, the slave army was defeated near the headwaters of the Siler River in southern Italy. It is believed that Spartacus died in this battle; there were so many corpses that his body was never found. As many as 6,000 slaves escaped and fled northward, but they were captured by Pompey's army north of Rome as he was marching back from Spain. The historian Appian reports that 6,000 slaves were taken prisoner by Crassus and crucified along the Appian Way from Capua to Rome.
The story of Spartacus has served as inspiration for books, movies and a television series. He has often been made into a symbol for oppressed people rebelling to overturn their society.

July 1, 2014

July: Rebellion is in the air

I am so sorry for not posting anything for the month of June. I had been busy with a new job and moving to a homes. Now that is settle I am post theme of July which is Types of Rebellion and the Deities rule over it.
Rebellion, uprising, or insurrection is a refusal of obedience or order. It may  seen as covering a range of behaviors aimed at destroying or taking over the position of an established authority such as a government, political leader, financial institution, or person in charge. On the one hand the forms of behavior can include non-violent methods such as the wonders of civil disobedience, civil resistance and nonviolent resistance. On the other hand it may cover violent campaigns. Those who participate in rebellions, especially if they are armed rebellions, are known as "rebels".
There are a number of terms that are associated with rebel and rebellion. They range from those with positive connotations to those with negative connotations. Examples include:
Civil resistance , civil disobedience, and nonviolent resistance which do not include violence or paramilitary force.
Mutiny, which is carried out by military or security forces against their commanders
Armed resistance movement, which is carried out by freedom fighters, often against an occupying foreign power. 
Revolt, a term that is sometimes used for a more localized rebellions rather than a general uprising. 
Revolution, which is carried out by radicals, usually meant to overthrow the current government 
Subversion, which is non-obvious attempts at sabotaging a government, carried out by spies or other subversives.
Terrorism, which is carried out by different kinds of political, economic or religious militant individuals or groups. 

May 26, 2014

Sons of War

I am the Great Patron of Rome. I am the God of Martial Might used for a virtuous and just cause. I protect the legions and its allies. I am happy to crush my enemies with great fury, but I do not fight without good cause.
Mars was seen as supreme warrior god over the other war gods and was extensively respected by the legionaries, compared to his hated Greek Ares. Mars focuses on martial victory rather than sheer conflict. Mars is a devoted and brilliant tactician and dislikes unnecessary bloodshed in stark contrast to Ares, his true Greek form, whom loves the idea of combat, endless carnage and violence. Mars is born of Juno alone. The Romans considered Mars Ultor, meaning, "Mars the Avenger", to be the greatest of the gods after Jupiter. The planet Mars named after him.

Children of Mars
Mars grants his children and their descendants with the following abilities:  
  • They all have enhanced strength, stamina, endurance, speed, and combat skills.
  • All children of Mars are naturals at using every weapon known to mankind.
  • They are experts in war strategies and tactics.
  • They have the ability to curse the weapons of their opponents 
  • Mars' Blessing: this blessing gives the person blessed near invulnerability. He gives his blessing to people who show tactics and leadership than just sole battle skills.
War is a duty; the only real choice is whether you accept it, and what you fight for.
Those who could be children of Mars
Scipio Africanus (Publius Cornelius Scipio)

He managed this victory against a substantial numerical superiority: 43,000 Romans versus 64,000 Carthaginians (and allies) supplemented by 80 war elephants. Hannibal ordered the elephants to charge first, and then intended his infantry to follow them into the holes they trampled in the Roman lines.

Gaius Marius

In Africa fighting Jugurtha and in the north fighting the German tribes:  the Teutones and the Cimbri, and then later during the Socii War, Marius' tactics and strategies were not only sound, but often brilliant. Marius (despite having unprecedented terms as consul) made political errors which led to his downfall as the Rise of Sulla.

Julius Caesar

The politics involved in the opening of hostilities between Caesar’s legions and Vercingetorix’s armies are very complicated, and Rome and Gaul are both to blame. But Caesar considered and announced that Gaul had become a serious threat to Roman safety by 58 BC, and so he invaded with the intent to destroy and annex the entire territory.

George S. Patton

He is now famous for using the Nazis’ own patented tactic against them: blitzkrieg. A “lightning war” is generally thought of as one which concentrates all available men and material into the enemy lines, breaking them, then pressing forward without first defending one’s flanks. To defend one’s flanks gives the enemy valuable time to bring up reserves or prepare its own defenses.

Currently; Mars is the Patron God of the US Military and her allies.  His appearance of late:
Mars has a flat-top hair cut. His face is covered with old knife scars and he wears night-vision goggles that glow from the inside or sun glasses. Mars wears military combat uniforms of various countries (currently USA).
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